Pixel Tracker

Thursday, December 13 , 2018, 6:17 pm | Fair 62º


Feral Cat Eradication Project on San Nicolas Island Deemed Ecological Feat

Three-year effort, completed without the use of a toxicant, was necessary to protect other species on the isle off Ventura County

An intensive, three-year feral cat eradication project on remote San Nicolas Island is complete, and has been deemed successful according to partners in conservation directly involved with the feline’s removal.

Located 61 miles off the Ventura County coastline, San Nicolas is the third-largest island off the California coast. The distant, windswept isle has been owned by the Navy since 1933, and is prime haul-out and pupping habitat for large rookeries of northern elephant seals and California sea lions.

Feral cat control has been a long-term endeavor. The island has a long history of feral populations, including goats and dogs. The cats were the last of the feral populations to go. Over time they’ve had a negative impact on land and seabird populations and island night lizards. They also were in direct competition with endemic island foxes, a federally protected species.

The Montrose Settlements Trustee Council contributed $3 million to the project, working jointly with the Navy, Island Conservation, the Institute for Wildlife Studies and the Humane Society of the United States.

“The cats were utilizing the entire island, from coast to coast, and the interior plateaus,” said Chad Hanson, project manager for Island Conservation. “They were particularly active during nesting season.”

Over the years the nests of western snowy plovers, Brandt’s cormorants, western gulls, black oystercatchers and horned larks have been easy targets for feral cats. They also preyed on sluggish island night lizards, and competed with island foxes over similar prey items and denning sites. The threat of rabies and other diseases being spread to island foxes was also a concern.

After five years of project planning from 2004 to 2008, and completion of the final environmental assessment in May 2009, Island Conservation and IWS began using camera traps across the 14,562-acre island that June. From there they implemented padded leg-hold live traps. The feral cats were trapped then transported off the island to a rehabilitation facility designed by the Humane Society in Ramona in San Diego County.

Feral cats on San Nicolas Island were in direct competition with endemic island foxes, a federally protected species.
Feral cats on San Nicolas Island were in direct competition with endemic island foxes, a federally protected species. (Chuck Graham / Noozhawk photo)

More than 70 islands around the world have successfully removed feral cat populations. However, San Nicolas is the largest island in the world for successful cat eradication without the use of a toxicant to date, and the largest island in the United States to complete a cat eradication project so far.

“Feral cats proved to be more ravenous, more aggressive than island foxes,” said Dave Garcelon, president of IWS, who has worked extensively in the recovery of California Channel Islands species for 30 years.

A makeshift hospital was built on the island in case any cats or island foxes were injured during trappings. Island foxes are similar in size to feral cats and were accidentally trapped. A total of 1,011 fox captures took place during the feral cat eradication project.

“Feral cats aren’t much different than bobcats,” Garcelon said. “They weren’t real happy about being in captivity.”

Cats most likely were brought to the island as pets and for pest control in the early 1900s, during the island’s ranching era. By the 1950s, large numbers of feral cats were roaming the 9-mile-long, 3.5-mile-wide island.

By the time Island Conservation and IWS finished trapping duties, they had removed 66 cats. Ten kittens were transferred off the island and adopted. The other cats are being rehabilitated and in time will be up for adoption. The last cat detected and removed was in June 2010, but monitoring continued until December 2011.

“They were very feral,” said Kim D’amico, a wildlife care specialist for the Humane Society. “They’re become accustomed to humans and have grown more friendly. This is the first time we’ve done anything like this off an island.”

Noozhawk contributing writer and local freelance writer Chuck Graham is editor of Deep magazine.

Support Noozhawk Today

You are an important ally in our mission to deliver clear, objective, high-quality professional news reporting for Santa Barbara, Goleta and the rest of Santa Barbara County. Join the Hawks Club today to help keep Noozhawk soaring.

We offer four membership levels: $5 a month, $10 a month, $25 a month or $1 a week. Payments can be made using a credit card, Apple Pay or Google Pay, or click here for information on recurring credit-card payments and a mailing address for checks.

Thank you for your vital support.

Become a Noozhawk Supporter

First name
Last name
Select your monthly membership
Or choose an annual membership

Payment Information

Membership Subscription

You are enrolling in . Thank you for joining the Hawks Club.

Payment Method

Pay by Credit Card:

Mastercard, Visa, American Express, Discover
One click only, please!

Pay with Apple Pay or Google Pay:

Noozhawk partners with Stripe to provide secure invoicing and payments processing.
You may cancel your membership at any time by sending an email to .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address).

  • Ask
  • Vote
  • Investigate
  • Answer

Noozhawk Asks: What’s Your Question?

Welcome to Noozhawk Asks, a new feature in which you ask the questions, you help decide what Noozhawk investigates, and you work with us to find the answers.

Here’s how it works: You share your questions with us in the nearby box. In some cases, we may work with you to find the answers. In others, we may ask you to vote on your top choices to help us narrow the scope. And we’ll be regularly asking you for your feedback on a specific issue or topic.

We also expect to work together with the reader who asked the winning questions to find the answer together. Noozhawk’s objective is to come at questions from a place of curiosity and openness, and we believe a transparent collaboration is the key to achieve it.

The results of our investigation will be published here in this Noozhawk Asks section. Once or twice a month, we plan to do a review of what was asked and answered.

Thanks for asking!

Click Here to Get Started >

Reader Comments

Noozhawk is no longer accepting reader comments on our articles. Click here for the announcement. Readers are instead invited to submit letters to the editor by emailing them to [email protected]. Please provide your full name and community, as well as contact information for verification purposes only.