While the presidential campaign has brought attention to security issues at the southern border with Mexico, the United States has quietly been focusing more attention and resources on the northern border with Canada.
Neither presidential candidate has said much about the northern border. When asked, Republican Donald Trump said that he has no plans to build a wall along Canada and the United States, which is just as well since it would be well-nigh impossible.
Because Canada has accepted more than 25,000 Syrians since November 2015, legislators in northern states have expressed increased security concerns.
Montana state Sen. Mike Cuffe, R-Eureka, who lives four miles from the border, told The Wall Street Journal that he worries about the easy access terrorists have to the United States through wide swathes of unguarded terrain.
Security resources are mostly focused on the southern border where, in 2015, more than 86 percent of agents were placed. Only 2,200 agents, working in shifts, patrol the northern border.
But during a Senate sub-committee hearing, Alan Bersin, former head of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, said security experts consider entry through Canada a more significant threat than through Mexico “because of … people who can enter Canada and then come across our bridges into the United States.”
Although the Canadian government has pledged to take more Syrians during future years, which critics perceive as heightening risk, Canada has officially also voiced security concerns. A representative for the Canadian embassy in Washington, D.C., said that “a threat to one country is a threat to another.”
Along lengthy stretches of Montana and North Dakota, few fences exist, and natural obstructions are ineffective in stopping illegal entry.
Interviews with CBP agents found that illegal entry from Canada is a growing concern, and that unlike the southern border, human smuggling is more well-organized and efficient.
On a recent trip to Canada, I noticed that wheat fields and overgrowth are so dense that the border is difficult to even find and identity. So called slashes or country-cuts mark the border’s actual location. The International Boundary Commission has created a visible line that runs through 1,349 miles of forested land along the 5,525-mile border between Canada and the United States, a narrow, clear-cut vista informally known as the “Slash.”
The challenge for both countries is to balance security with the flow of commerce to ensure that trucks and other commercial vehicles don’t impede traffic, and create lengthy delays. Traffic between the United States and Canada represents the largest bilateral flow of people in the world, about 300,000 per day.
With little fanfare, however, the United States has increased its efforts to secure the northern border, especially along the more remote routes. Underground sensors, thermal sensors and unmanned drones have been added to the equipment used to protect about 1,100 miles of border.
High-tech equipment helps, but more manpower on the northern border would be more efficient at deterring the increasing threat that Middle Eastern refugees resettled in Canada represent. A greater technological presence is welcome, but shouldn’t replace agents on the ground.
— Joe Guzzardi is a senior writing fellow for Californians for Population Stabilization (CAPS) who now lives in Pittsburgh. He can be reached at email@example.com, or follow him on Twitter: @joeguzzardi19. Click here to read previous columns. The opinions expressed are his own.